文章摘要
叶胥,谢迟,毛中根.中国居民民生获得感与民生满意度:测度及差异分析[J].数量经济技术经济研究,2018,(10):3-20
中国居民民生获得感与民生满意度:测度及差异分析
The Sense of Gain and the Satisfaction of People‘s Livelihood in China: Measuring and Variance Analysis
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 民生获得感  民生满意度  测度  差异分析
英文关键词: Sense of Gain of People‘s Livelihood  Satisfaction of People‘s Livelihood  Measuring  Variance Analysis
基金项目:本文获国家自然科学基金面上项目“服务消费增长的动力机制及实证研究”(71373212)和“绿色消费的内涵刻画、指数测度及发展机制研究”(71873107)的资助。
作者单位
叶胥 西南财经大学消费经济研究所 
谢迟 西南财经大学消费经济研究所 
毛中根 西南财经大学消费经济研究所 
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中文摘要:
      研究目标:测度民生获得感与民生满意度,剖析两者现状与差异。研究方法:构造民生获得感与民生满意度指标,问卷测度与实证分析。研究发现:第一,我国居民民生获得感与满意度之间存在显著正向相关,相关系数为0.472,但差异也较为明显。数值差异方面,民生获得感总体明显高于民生满意度,民生获得感大于、等于、小于满意度的样本数分别占总体样本的58.34%、2.3%、39.36%,且两者数值正负等级也差别明显;特征差异方面,民生获得感仅在不同的收入与年龄群体中有明显差异,而民生满意度在不同的年龄、居住环境、就业状态、收入、文化程度群体中都存在明显差异。第二,导致两者数值差异的重要原因是民生预期在民生获得感与满意度之间有负向中介调节作用、预期值越高,民生获得感提高对满意度的促进作用越弱;导致不同的年龄与收入群体均在民生获得感与满意度中存在明显差异的原因是年龄与收入能够同时影响到民生获得感、满意度与预期,其他个体因素则没有这样全面的影响。研究创新:测度与分析民生获得感与满意度的差异,揭示造成差异的原因。研究价值:有助于协同把握民生获得感与民生满意度,为增强民生改善提供决策参考。
英文摘要:
      Research Objectives: Measuring the sense of gain and the satisfaction of people‘s livelihood, and analyze their current situation and differences. Research Methods: Construction of the index of sense of gain and the people‘s livelihood satisfaction, questionnaire measurement and empirical analysis. Research Findings: First, it is of a significant correlation between the sense of gain and satisfaction, with a correlation coefficient of 0.472. But the differences between them are also obvious. On numerical difference,the average sense of gain is apparently higher than the average people‘s livelihood satisfaction. The sample number of the sense of gain is more than, equal to and less than satisfaction accounted for 58.34%, 2.3% and 39.36% of the total samples respectively. And it is also significantly different between the positive and negative grades. In terms of feature differences, it is no obviously different in sense of gain of people‘s livelihood except for different wages and ages. But the satisfaction of people‘s livelihood is not. Different groups of age, living environment, employment situation, wage and education all play significant impacts on the differences. Second, the important reason for the differences between the values is that people‘s livelihood expectation play direct negative impacts on people‘s livelihood satisfaction with a negative mediating effect. The higher the expected value, the better the sense of livelihood and the less the promotion of satisfaction. The reason for the age and income makes a difference between characteristics is that age and income could affect the sense of gain and the satisfaction of people‘s livelihood at the same time. Research Innovations: The measurement and analysis differences of people‘s livelihood gain sense and people‘s livelihood satisfaction, and reasons of their differences. Research Value: It is helpful to grasp the sense of gain and the satisfaction of people‘s livelihood in a better way, and provide decision-making references for government.
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