文章摘要
韩中,陈耀辉,时云.国际最终需求视角下消费碳排放的测算与分解[J].数量经济技术经济研究,2018,(7):114-129
国际最终需求视角下消费碳排放的测算与分解
To Measure and Decompose Consumption Based Carbon Emission from the Perspective of International Final Demand
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 最终需求  生产碳排放  消费碳排放  碳泄漏
英文关键词: Final Demand  Production based Carbon Emission  Consumption based Carbon Emission  Carbon Leakage
基金项目:本文获教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目“全球价值链视角下我国总出口的增加值分解研究”(16YJC910004)、教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目“泛TPP经贸规则下我国融入国际价值链分工战略研究”(16JZD019)、江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)、江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目和江苏省“青蓝工程”项目的资助。
作者单位
韩中 南京财经大学经济学院 
陈耀辉 南京财经大学经济学院 
时云 南京航空航天大学经济与管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      研究目标:探索国际最终需求视角下消费碳排放的测算与分析。研究方法:利用世界投入产出数据库(WIOD, World Input Output Database),采用MRIO模型对世界主要经济体(地区)最终需求视角下的消费碳排放进行了测算和分析。研究发现:中国是全球出口隐含碳排放最多的经济体,欧盟是全球转移碳排放最多的经济体;欧盟等发达经济体消费碳排放中“境外排放”所占比例较高,且主要来源于中国等发展中经济体;相较于发展中经济体,欧盟等发达经济体的出口隐含碳排放更多地来自服务行业,而发展中经济体则主要来源于采掘业,重工业和电力、燃气及水的供应业。从隐含碳排放实现方式来看,以加工贸易出口为主的中国、印度,其贸易隐含碳排放主要是由最终产品出口引致的,而俄罗斯、澳大利亚等以能源、矿产资源出口为主的经济体,其贸易隐含碳排放主要是由中间产品出口引致的。研究创新:基于“消费者责任”原则,在生产碳排放的基础上测算了不同经济体的消费碳排放,并对一国出口隐含碳排放的行业结构和实现方式进行了研究。研究价值:有利于在后京都时代国际气候变化谈判中,为准确核算一国碳排放的规模并界定其理应承担的碳减排义务和责任提供一个新思路。
英文摘要:
      Research Objectives: To measure and analyze consumption based carbon emission from the perspective of international final demand Research Methods: Based on World Input Output Database (WIOD), this paper uses MRIO model to measure consumption carbon emission of main countries in the world Research Findings: The results show that China is the biggest country in carbon emission embodied in exports and EU transfers the most carbon emission Developed countries have a higher proportion of consumption based carbon emission from overseas, which mainly comes from developing countries Carbon emission embodied in export of developed countries mainly comes from service industry, while that of developing countries is from mining and quarrying, heavy industry and electricity, gas and water supply As to realization path, carbon emission embodied in trade of China and India which are characterized by export processing trade is mainly caused by export of final product, yet countries such as Russia and Australia which are the main exporter of energy and mineral resources realize their emission embodied in trade mainly by the export of intermediate product Research Innovations: From the angle of consumer responsibility principle, this paper measures consumption based carbon emission of different countries based on production based carbon emission, and analyzes the industry structure and realization method of embodied carbon in trade Research Value: This paper contributes to providing a new idea for accurately measuring carbon emission and defining corresponding carbon emission reduction responsibility in international climate change negotiations
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