文章摘要
张涛,刘宽斌,熊雪.中国国有和民营制造业企业生产效率对比研究[J].数量经济技术经济研究,2018,(6):78-94
中国国有和民营制造业企业生产效率对比研究
Study on Efficiency Differences between Chinese National and Private Manufacturing Enterprises
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 国有企业  民营企业  技术效率  三阶段DEA
英文关键词: State-Owned Enterprises  Private-Owned Enterprises  Efficiency  Three-Stage DEA
基金项目:本文获得国家自然科学基金面上项目(71673077)、教育部人文社科研究青年基金项目(15YJC790027)、湖南省社科基金一般项目(16YBA062)的资助。
作者单位
张涛 中国社会科学院数量经济与技术经济研究所 
刘宽斌 中国社会科学院研究生院 
熊雪 中国农业科学院农业信息研究所 
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中文摘要:
      研究目标:测算中国国有和民营制造业上市企业2009~2014年的生产效率,并且进行对比分析。研究方法:采用数据包络分析(DEA)模型和随机前沿分析(SFA)模型结合的三阶段DEA模型。研究发现:在剔除环境因素以及随机误差干扰的影响后,测算得到国有制造业企业平均综合效率为0.685,民营企业平均综合效率为0.722,这表明民营制造业企业技术效率相较于国有企业有微弱优势。另外,在纯技术效率方面,民营企业占据较大优势,比国有企业高7.3%,而国有企业在规模效率上占有优势,较民营企业高2.8%。研究创新:采用了“经济附加值”作为衡量企业有效产出的财务指标,利用三阶段DEA模型方法剔除环境因素及随机干扰因素对企业生产行为的影响,测算了国有和民营企业真实的生产效率。研究价值:测算对比了我国国有和民营制造业企业生产效率之间的差异,并分析了造成差异的原因,为企业改进生产效率提供指导建议。
英文摘要:
      Research Objectives:This paper is to calculate the production efficiency of listed state-owned and private-owned manufacturing enterprises in China from 2009 to 2014, and make a comparative analysis. Research Methods: Three-Stages DEA model is used to calculate production efficiency of listed state-owned and private-owned manufacturing enterprises. Research Findings: Based on the removal of effecting from environmental factors and random errors, this paper estimates that the average comprehensive efficiency of state-owned manufacturing enterprises is 0.685 and the average comprehensive efficiency of private enterprises is 0.722, indicating that the technological efficiency of private manufacturing enterprises has a slight advantage over state-owned enterprises. In addition, it is found that in terms of pure technical efficiency, private enterprises accounted for a big advantage, 7.3% more than that of state-owned enterprises. However, state-owned enterprises had an advantage in terms of scale efficiency, 2.8% higher than that of private enterprises. Research Innovations: Economic Value Added is adopted as the financial index to measure the output of the enterprise. The Three-Stages DEA model is adopted to eliminate the influence of environmental factors and stochastic factors on the production behavior of the enterprise, and the real production efficiency of the state-owned and private enterprises are measured. Research Value: The efficiency differences between the state-owned and private-owned manufacturing enterprises in China are calculated and compared, and the reasons for the differences are analyzed, providing guidance for enterprises to improve production efficiency
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