文章摘要
邓伟,唐齐鸣.基于指数平滑转移模型的价格泡沫检验方法[J].数量经济技术经济研究,2013,30(4):124-137
基于指数平滑转移模型的价格泡沫检验方法
Testing for Price Bubbles in an ESTAR Framework
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 指数平滑转移  异方差  泡沫
英文关键词: Exponential Smooth Transition Autoregressive Model  Heteroskedastic Variance  Bubbles
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作者单位
邓伟 华中科技大学经济学院 
唐齐鸣 华中科技大学经济学院 
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中文摘要:
      蒙特卡洛分析显示,Phillips,Wu和Yu(2011)提出的sup ADF泡沫检验方法对扰动项的异方差较为敏感,尤其是当扰动项方差接近非平稳时存在严重的尺度扭曲,倾向于过度拒绝不存在泡沫的原假设。同时,对于Evans(1991)周期性破灭的泡沫,当泡沫破灭的概率增加时,sup ADF检验的检验势下降较快。本文结合Kapetanios,Shin和Snell(2003)单位根检验的思想,在指数平滑转移模型的框架下提出了一种新的泡沫检验方法(sup KSS检验)。与sup ADF检验相比,sup KSS检验对于扰动项的异方差有一定的改进,同时对于周期性破灭的泡沫和指数平滑转移泡沫具有较稳健的检验势。
英文摘要:
      Most recently, Phillips, Wu and Yu (2011) propose a new econometric methodology for testing for financial bubbles using a right tailed sup ADF test. We show by Monte Carlo simulations that sup ADF test is vulnerable to conditionally heteroskedastic innovations, leading to severe over-rejecting of no bubble hypothesis. Moreover, the testing power of sup ADF for periodically collapsing bubbles proposed by Evans (1991) decreases substantially as the bubble collapsing probability increases. We extend PWY's idea into an ESTAR framework proposed by Kapetanios et al. (KSS, 2003) to test for bubbles. Sup KSS test proposed in this paper allows for time-varying coefficients and indigenizes the explosive behavior of bubbles. Compared with sup ADF test, sup KSS test is less sensitive to heteroskedastic innovations. Moreover we show using data generated from Evans' (1991) periodically collapsing bubbles and exponential smooth transition bubble processes that sup KSS test obtains more robust testing powers.
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