文章摘要
李清彬,李博.中国居民幸福—收入门限研究[J].数量经济技术经济研究,2013,30(3):36-52
中国居民幸福—收入门限研究
On the Happiness-Income Threshold of Chinese People
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 幸福-收入门限  门限回归  CGSS
英文关键词: Threshold of Happiness-Income  Threshold Model  CGSS
基金项目:
作者单位
李清彬 国家发展改革委经济研究所 
李博 天津理工大学国际工商学院 
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中文摘要:
      基于对幸福-收入悖论的各种解释,尤其是在Clark et al (2008)的框架下,引入相对收入变量,并结合两个实验经济学结论,我们推知幸福-收入门限是存在的。使用CGSS2006年的微观数据,本文估计中国居民的幸福-收入门限值大致位于“人均收入”3300元的位置,收入对幸福感的影响从门限前显著正向变为门限后的不显著。门限回归中,收入和相对社会经济地位变量呈现“前高后低”特征,而其他控制变量的系数结果在门限前后通常也呈现差异性的特征,由门限值划分的不同群体的幸福感对变量的敏感度不同。对于从中等收入跨向中上等收入水平的转型国家来讲,提升居民的幸福感,需要更加关注非收入的因素,尤其是人们越来越关注的自身权利、平等和公平等软因素,这些因素的满足依赖于公平发展方向上的体制改进。
英文摘要:
      Using the micro-level dataset of CGSS2006, this paper finds that the empirical threshold position lies where “per capita income” is equal to 3300 Yuan. Our results show that the influence of income is significantly positive before threshold point, but not significant after that point. In the threshold regression, the coefficients of “absolute income” and “relative socio-economic status” take on “low-high” trends. The significances of the coefficients of other control variables, lower and higher than the threshold, are also presenting significant differences. The sensitivities of happiness of different groups, divided by the threshold line, to the variables are also different. The results show that a country transferring from “middle-income” status to “upper-middle” status should put more emphasis on non-income factors to enhance the level of happiness of all citizens, especially for those countries in which the citizens are paying more and more attention to their own rights, equality and equity.
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