文章摘要
毛海欧,刘海云.中国OFDI如何影响出口技术含量[J].数量经济技术经济研究,2018,(7):97-113
中国OFDI如何影响出口技术含量
How Does Chinas OFDI Affect Its Technology Content Embodied in Exports?
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 对外直接投资  出口技术含量  世界投入产出表
英文关键词: Outward Foreign Direct Investment  Technology Content Embodied in Exports  World Input Output Data
基金项目:本文获得中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目“双向FDI(对外直接投资)的环境效应研究”(2017WKZDJC008)、国家社科基金项目“中国对外直接投资的产业转移效应及对策研究”(14BJY088)和国家社科基金项目“开放型经济新体制、全球价值链重塑与中国出口质量升级研究”(17BJL108)的资助
作者单位
毛海欧 武汉大学政治与公共管理学院武汉大学中国边界与海洋研究院 
刘海云 华中科技大学经济学院 
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中文摘要:
      研究目标:中国OFDI能否及如何提升出口技术含量。研究方法:从技术效应、结构效应和规模效应三个方面提出分析框架,采用WIOD数据测算中国对84个国家的出口技术含量及其三元边际,运用系统GMM方法实证检验中国OFDI对出口技术含量的影响和三种特定机制的存在性。研究发现:OFDI的技术效应、结构效应和规模效应提高了中国出口技术含量;OFDI对中间品出口技术含量的促进作用较为突出;不同动机OFDI对出口技术含量具有差异化影响。研究创新:提出并验证OFDI影响出口技术含量的机制框架,采用世界投入产出方法准确测算出口技术含量及其三元边际。研究价值:分析OFDI对母国出口技术含量的影响及机制,为提升中国出口技术水平提出建议。
英文摘要:
      Research Objectives: Whether and how does Chinas OFDI affect its technology content embodied in export (TIE) Research Methods: By presenting a framework that analyzes this topic from technology effect, production structure effect and export amount effect, this paper calculates technology content of Chinas export to 84 countries using WIOD data and tests the effects and mechanisms of OFDI on TIE using system GMM method Research Findings: Chinas OFDI improves TIE through three channels including technology effect, product structure effect and export amount effectThe positive effect of OFDI on TIE of intermediate export is prominent OFDIs with different motivations have different impacts on TIE Research Innovations: This paper presents a framework and calculates the domestic technology content in export accurately by using world input output method Research Value: This paper explains and tests whether and how Chinas OFDI affects its TIE, which is beneficial to making OFDI policy to improve technology level of export
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