文章摘要
朱子云.中国城乡居民收入差距的分解分析[J].数量经济技术经济研究,2014,(2):52-67
中国城乡居民收入差距的分解分析
Decomposition Analysis of Rural-Urban Income Gap in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 收入差距  劳动生产率  产出分配率  转移性收入
英文关键词: Income Gaps  Productivity  Output Distribution Rate  Transfering Income
基金项目:
作者单位
朱子云 中国工商银行丽水分行 
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中文摘要:
      根据来源构成和差距动因两个维度的关联指标推导而成城乡居民收入差距及其成因的双层分解模型,并利用中国1995-2011年时间序列数据进行实证分析,其结果表明产出分配率差异是驱动城乡居民人均收入差距巨大且不断扩张的首要因素,城乡养老转移支付差异扩大、农村“三高”就业人口(高素质、高技能、高收入)加速向城镇迁徙则是城乡居民人均收入差距过大问题加剧的两个放大器,劳动生产率差异是城乡居民人均收入差距过大问题的第三因素,但其所占贡献份额呈现快速缩减趋势。
英文摘要:
      This paper initiates a double decomposition model of rural-urban income gap and its causes on the basis of related indicators of two dimensions, that is, source constitution and gap motivation, which is tested by using data from 1995 to 2011 in China. The results show that the primary cause for driving huge gaps between Chinese urban and rural residents per capita incomes and their expansion is the differences of output distribution rate, and both the expansion of differences between urban and rural pension transfer payments and the accelerated migration of the rural “three high” employment population to urban are two amplifiers, and the third factor of too big gaps between urban and rural residents per capita incomes is the differences of productivity whose share of contribution is in a rapid reduction trend.
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